Nihongo is an offline Japanese dictionary, flashcard app, and reading assistant, designed to make the best use of the time you dedicate to studying Japanese. Our dictionary is made to find what you're looking for fast, with the words Japanese speakers actually use at the top of every search result, and every word marked as "common", "uncommon", or "rare". Paste in Japanese text from a website, email, an eBook, or anywhere else, and we'll add furigana or romaji to every word.

We also enable you to tap on any word to see its definition. This will truly change the way you read Japanese. And now, you can get the same experience right in Safari using our Safari extension. Personal experience as well as a good deal of research in second-language acquisition has shown us that the words that you're most likely to remember are the words that you're encountering naturally.

To this end Nihongo automatically draws from your search history and clippings to compile flashcard decks filled with words for which you already have context. This makes it easy to study both the words you looked up during Japanese class, and those that appear in your favorite song or videogame. And by adding notes to the back of flashcards you can further connect each vocabulary word to your personal contextual understanding.

Kanji flashcards prompt you to draw the missing kanji from the words you're studying, creating stronger connections between the characters and their real-world use. Built-in kanji decks give you 2 or 3 key words to study for each kanji. This app is only possible because of the JMDict edrdg. I highly encourage you to support these incredible projects that make apps like Nihongo possible!

Should you choose to upgrade to Nihongo Pro, we offer 3-month, yearly, and lifetime subscription options. Payment will be charged to your credit card through your iTunes account at confirmation of purchase.

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Once purchased, refunds will not be provided for any unused portion of the term, and any unused portion of a free trial will be forfeited. One of its key strengths is the UI.It is a member of the Japonic or Japanese- Ryukyuan language family, and its relation to other languages, such as Koreanis debated. Japonic languages have been grouped with other language families such as AinuAustroasiaticand the now-discredited Altaicbut none of these proposals has gained widespread acceptance.

Little is known of the language's prehistory, or when it first appeared in Japan. Chinese documents from the 3rd century recorded a few Japanese words, but substantial texts did not appear until the 8th century. During the Heian period —Chinese had considerable influence on the vocabulary and phonology of Old Japanese. Late Middle Japanese — included changes in features that brought it closer to the modern language, and the first appearance of European loanwords.

The standard dialect moved from the Kansai region to the Edo modern Tokyo region in the Early Modern Japanese period early 17th century—midth century.

Following the end of Japan's self-imposed isolation inthe flow of loanwords from European languages increased significantly. English loanwords, in particular, have become frequent, and Japanese words from English roots have proliferated. Japanese is an agglutinativemora -timed language with simple phonotacticsa pure vowel system, phonemic vowel and consonant length, and a lexically significant pitch-accent.

Word order is normally subject—object—verb with particles marking the grammatical function of words, and sentence structure is topic—comment. Sentence-final particles are used to add emotional or emphatic impact, or make questions. Nouns have no grammatical number or gender, and there are no articles.

Verbs are conjugatedprimarily for tense and voicebut not person. Japanese equivalents of adjectives are also conjugated. Japanese has a complex system of honorifics with verb forms and vocabulary to indicate the relative status of the speaker, the listener, and persons mentioned. Latin script is used in a limited fashion, such as for imported acronyms, and the numeral system uses mostly Arabic numerals alongside traditional Chinese numerals.

Very little is known about the Japanese of this period. Because writing like the "Kanji" which later devolved into the writing systems "Hiragana" and "Katakana" [3] had yet to be introduced from China, there is no direct evidence, and anything that can be discerned about this period of Japanese must be based on the reconstructions of Old Japanese. Old Japanese is the oldest attested stage of the Japanese language. Through the spread of Buddhismthe Chinese writing system was imported to Japan.

The earliest texts found in Japan are written in Classical Chinesebut they may have been meant to be read as Japanese by the kanbun method. Some of these Chinese texts show the influences of Japanese grammar, such as the word order for example, placing the verb after the object.

In these hybrid texts, Chinese characters are also occasionally used phonetically to represent Japanese particles. The earliest text, the Kojikidates to the early 8th century, and was written entirely in Chinese characters. The end of Old Japanese coincides with the end of the Nara period in The distinction between mo 1 and mo 2 apparently was lost immediately following its composition. This set of syllables shrank to 67 in Early Middle Japanesethough some were added through Chinese influence.

Due to these extra syllables, it has been hypothesized that Old Japanese's vowel system was larger than that of Modern Japanese — it perhaps contained up to eight vowels.

The vowel system would have to have shrunk some time between these texts and the invention of the kana hiragana and katakana in the early 9th century. According to this view, the eight-vowel system of ancient Japanese would resemble that of the Uralic and Altaic language families.

A newer reconstruction of ancient Japanese shows striking similarities with Southeast-Asian languages, especially with Austronesian languages.


Several fossilizations of Old Japanese grammatical elements remain in the modern language — the genitive particle tsu superseded by modern no is preserved in words such as matsuge "eyelash", lit. Early Middle Japanese is the Japanese of the Heian periodfrom to Early Middle Japanese sees a significant amount of Chinese influence on the language's phonology — length distinctions become phonemic for both consonants and vowels, and series of both labialised e.

Late Middle Japanese covers the years from toand is normally divided into two sections, roughly equivalent to the Kamakura period and the Muromachi periodrespectively. The later forms of Late Middle Japanese are the first to be described by non-native sources, in this case the Jesuit and Franciscan missionaries; and thus there is better documentation of Late Middle Japanese phonology than for previous forms for instance, the Arte da Lingoa de Iapam.

Some forms rather more familiar to Modern Japanese speakers begin to appear — the continuative ending - te begins to reduce onto the verb e.The Pornhub team is always updating and adding more porn videos every day.

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Logging in Remember me on this computer not recommended on public or shared computers. Forgot Username or Password? Resend confirmation email. Not a free member yet? Here's what you're missing out on! Sign Up. A text message with your code has been sent to:. Didn't receive the code? Don't have your phone? Please contact support. Sign in to add this to a playlist. Macy Nihongo. Gender: Female. Birthday: Aug 19, Height: 5 ft 5 in cm.

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Relationship status: Single. Interested in: Guys and Girls. City and Country: Bangkok, TH. Pornstar Profile Views: 34, Career Start and End: to Present. Profile Views:Videos Watched: Joined: 1 year ago.Get Started. Quick And Easy Japanese Lessons In five minutes you can start learning how to read, write and speak Japanese with lessons that cover the basics to the advanced. Improve your skills easily.

Learn With Others Join over 50, Japanese students in your learning journey. Get assistance from others and our Japanese instructors quickly. Take Nihongo Master with you and learn Japanese while you travel. Our goal is to make Nihongo Master the best way to learn Japanese online and we're excited to have you start learning Japanese with us!

Learn More. Start your studies off by reinforcing what you've learned with our drills and then learn something new with our classroom of Japanese lessons. Find other friends to study with in our Community Groups. Ask Japanese questions and get answers from our large community and Japanese teachers. Read, Write and Speak Japanese Learn all the skills of Japanese by practicing your Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji writing skills while learning how to read and speak Japanese with lessons written by our Japanese teachers from Japan.

User Testimonials It is the best resource for learning Japanese that I have come across and I try to use it on a daily basis. The way it is structured is amazing because your knowledge is expanded while, at the same time, you also keep repeating what you've learned. I always look forward to the next lesson.

Japanese language

Useful Links.Japan is divided into 47 prefectures and traditionally into eight regions. Approximately two-thirds of the country's terrain is mountainous and heavily forested, and less than one-eighth of its land is suitable for agriculture. Consequently, Japan is among the most densely populated and urbanized countries in the world. The largest urban area is the metropolitan area centered on the capital city of Tokyowhich is the most populous in the world.

Japan itself is the world's eleventh most populous country. The kanji that make up the name of Japan mean "sun origin"; in the Western world, the country is often known by the sobriquet "Land of the Rising Sun". While archaeological evidence indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period, the first written mention of the archipelago appears in Chinese texts from the first century AD.

After a century-long period of civil warJapan was reunified in under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunatewhich enacted a policy of isolationism. This period ended in when a United States fleet forced Japan to open to the Westleading to the fall of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in In the following Meiji eraJapan adopted a Western-style government and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization ; this transformed the feudal society into a great powerwith Japan establishing a colonial empire in East Asia after decisive victories in the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War.

After suffering major defeats in the Pacific and two atomic bombingsJapan surrendered to the Allies incoming under a brief occupation and adopting a new post-war constitution. Japan has since maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with the Emperor as a ceremonial head of state and an elected legislature known as the National Diet. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare warJapan maintains a modern military for peacekeeping and self-defense, which has been ranked as the world's fourth most powerful.

Following World War II, Japan experienced record economic growth to become the world's second-largest economy by Today, Japan's economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and fourth-largest by purchasing power parity ; it is also the fourth-largest importer and exporter and a global leader in the automotive and electronics industries. Japan is ranked "very high" on the Human Development Index ; its population enjoys high levels of education and the second-highest life expectancy in the world, though it currently is experiencing a projected decline due to low birth rates.

Culturally, Japan is renowned for its artcuisineliteraturecinemamusicand popular culture. Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu.

Japan first appears in written history in the Chinese Book of Han. After defeat in the Battle of Baekgang by the Chinese Tang empirethe Japanese government devised and implemented the far-reaching Taika Reforms.

It nationalized all land in Japan, to be distributed equally among cultivators, and ordered the compilation of a household registry as the basis for a new system of taxation. This marked the beginning of the Heian period —during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged.

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Murasaki Shikibu 's The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan's national anthem " Kimigayo " were written during this time. Japan's feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai. The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period — and became popular among the samurai class.

Go-Daigo was himself defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in Ashikaga Takauji established the Ashikaga shogunate in Muromachi, beginning the Muromachi period — During the 16th century, Portuguese traders and Jesuit missionaries reached Japan for the first time, initiating direct commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West.

His consolidation of power began what was known as the Azuchi—Momoyama period — After Nobunaga was assassinated in by Akechi Mitsuhidehis successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified the nation in and launched two unsuccessful invasions of Korea in and Tokugawa Ieyasu served as regent for Hideyoshi's son and used his position to gain political and military support.

When open war broke out, Ieyasu defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in The Edo period also gave rise to kokugaku "national studies"the study of Japan by the Japanese. Similar treaties with Western countries in the Bakumatsu period brought economic and political crises. During the Meiji period, Japan expanded economically with the embrace of the market economyand emerged as the most developed nation in Asia during a period of growth that lasted until the Great Depression.

The s saw a political shift towards statismthe passing of laws against political dissent and a series of attempted coups. This process accelerated during the s, spawning a number of new Radical Nationalist groups that shared a hostility to liberal democracy and a dedication to expansion in Asia. In Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria and following international condemnation of this occupationit quit the League of Nations in After Allied victories during the next four years, which culminated in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki inJapan agreed to an unconditional surrender.Japanese belongs to the Japonic language familywhich also includes the endangered Ryukyuan languages.

One theory says Japanese and Korean are related, but most linguists no longer think so. Other theories about the origin of Japanese are that it related to the Austronesian languagesthe Dravidian languagesor the controversial Altaic language family. Japanese uses three separate writing systems: hiraganakatakanaand kanji. The first two are phonetic systems and so show the pronunciation of Japanese words, and kanji is the Japanese variation of Chinese characters and show the meaning of Japanese words.

The three systems are used interchangeably, and all three systems can often be found in the same sentence. The three systems are each reserved for different purposes. In Englishthe order of the words is very important. For example, the sentences "Is it?


In Japanese, differences are made often by adding or changing the ending of words. A Japanese word has a stem called a "body", and additional parts called suffixes. Changing the suffix can change the meaning or the grammar of the word.


Japanese has five vowel sounds that can have two different lengths. They are a, i, u, e, o. Japanese has a sound that is like the English lbut it is also like the English r. That is why it can be difficult for many Japanese when to learn to make both sounds when they speak English.


When foreigners speak Japanese, it is important they know how formal they must be when they speak to people you may or may not know.

In Japan, it could be considered quite impolite if you are not formal enough.

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In Japanese, sentences use subject-object-verb SOV word orderso the verb is at the end of the sentence and the subject is at the beginning. Many sentences have no subject, and the listener can infer the subject based context and the form of a verb. Sometimes, the words Nippon and Nippongo are also used, but both words are now thought of as more nationalistand Nihon is a more neutral word.

The kanji of the word mean " sun -origin. Japanese is an agglutinative languageespecially in its verbs. Its words has a short "body," and prefixes or suffixes are easily added to change or to redefine the meaning.

Japanese words come from three main sources. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Language family. Japonic Japanese. Writing system. Chinese characters kanji Kana hiragana katakana. Signed forms. Glottolog 3. Hidden categories: Articles containing Japanese-language text Articles citing Nationalencyklopedin.Japanese-language exams are in an uncertain state due to the outbreak of novel coronavirus around the world.

Your Japanese study doesn't need to stop, though.

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The particle "kurai" is very helpful in trying to illustrate the degree of something happening, though translating it isn't as straightforward as you'd think. According to a Kyodo story that outlines vocabulary related to postal services, Japan Post can't guarantee the delivery of international mail due to a disruption in airline travel. Yuriko Koike used visual aids and a script filled with foreign loan words to convince residents that they should stay at home Attaching the verb "meku" to certain Japanese words can emphasize the idea of showing signs of something or appearing to look like something.

Let's look at some business terms via a Japanese news article about a rise in sales at convenience stores during the early days of the new coronavirus outbreak. March was a month of cancelled classes, postponed planes and sudden suspensions. Let's take a deeper look at the ways we express delays.

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As concern over the new coronavirus increases so does a Japanese learner's vocabulary. Get to know the words that are most commonly being used in news stories about the outbreak.

A Kyodo story looks at the lack of multilingual volunteers that would be able to help Southeast Asian communities in Japan in an emergency. Mari-chan wa Nana no obasan ni ataru.


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